The new budget proposal for the 2021 fiscal year of the Trump Administration would increase funding for research and development by $ 142 billion over the Administration's previous year's budget, but will still reduce overall science and technology spending from proposals alternatives from the US House of Representatives. UU.
The financing of basic science would be greatly affected by the priorities of the Trump Administration.
A summary of all the programs that would be cut under the budget of the Administration was published by Sciences Magazine and includes:
- National Institutes of Health: a cut of 7%, or $ 2.942 billion, to $ 36.965 billion
- National Science Foundation (NSF): a 6% cut, or $ 424 million, to $ 6.328 billion
- Department of Energy Office of Science (DOE): a 17% cut, or $ 1,164 billion, to $ 5,760 billion
- NASA Science: a cut of 11%, or $ 758 million, to $ 6.261 billion
- DOE Advanced Research Projects Agency – Energy: a 173% cut, which would not only eliminate the $ 425 million agency, but also force it to return $ 311 million to the US Department of the Treasury. UU.
- Agricultural Research Service of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA): a 12% cut, or $ 190 million, to $ 1.435 billion
- National Institute of Standards and Technology: a 19% cut, or $ 154 million, to $ 653 million
- National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration: a 31% cut, or $ 300 million, to $ 678 million
- Science and technology of the Environmental Protection Agency: a 37% cut, or $ 174 million, to $ 318 million
- Science and technology of the Department of Homeland Security: a 15% cut, or $ 65 million, to $ 357 million
- US Geological Survey US: a 30% cut, or $ 200 million, to $ 460 million
However, certain areas where risk investors and new businesses spend a lot of time should see a funding boost. These include new funds for research and development in industries that develop new machine learning technologies and quantum computing.
The artificial intelligence assignments at the National Science Foundation, the Office of Science of the Department of Energy and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency and the Joint AI Center of the Department of Defense will reach a combined sum of $ 1.724 billion, with portions of an additional allocation of $ 150 million for the Department of Agriculture and the National Institutes of Health that go to AI research.
The science of quantum information is another area that is destined for an unexpected gain of government dollars under the proposed Trump administration budget. The National Science Foundation will receive $ 210 million for quantum research, while the Department of Energy will receive a boost of $ 237 million and an additional portion of $ 25 million for the Department of Energy to begin the development of a quantum Internet nationwide.
"Quantum computing, networks and detection technologies are areas of incredible potential," said Paul Dabbar, deputy secretary of science for the Department of Energy.
As part of this development, Dabbar noted the ongoing work at the University of Chicago, where partners such as the Argonne National Laboratory, the Fermi Laboratory and the university have already launched a 52-mile quantum communication circuit in Chicago.
Plans are underway to create six quantum Internet nodes in the Midwest and another node on Long Island, near New York City, to create a northeast quantum network center.
"This will be tThe backbone of a national quantum internet extends from coast to coast and from border to border, "said Dabbar."If we don't do it, others will, "he said."China and the EU have announced plans for investments in the area. "
Space is another area where spending will see a boost, under Trump's budget.
A key part of the package is a 12 percent increase in the budget of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, as the administration aims for astronauts to return to the surface of the moon by 2024. In total, the new budget It will add $ 3 billion to funding for NASA to develop things like human landings and other technologies to capitalize on potential assets and the strategic importance of space. In total, NASA will receive $ 25.2 billion, while the newly created Space Force will see an allocation of $ 15.4 billion in the new budget.
The budget will double research and development spending for quantum information science and artificial intelligence without defense for fiscal year 2022, according to an administration statement.
Much of the administration's budget seems to focus on spending to catch up in areas where the United States may be losing its technological advantage. China already spends tens of billions of dollars on research in quantum computing and artificial intelligence.
While spending on quantum computing and advances in artificial intelligence, the Trump Administration continues to cut budgets in other areas that depend on scientific study, where the discoveries of the scientific community and its implications contradict the political wishes of the President.
That includes the Environmental Protection Agency, which would see its total budget cut by 26.5 percent over the next year. The Department of Health and Human Services would see its budget allocation reduced by 9 percent, although the administration really plans to avoid cutting the budget to fight diseases caused by infections through the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Few of these assignments will actually go through the congressional budgeting process, as the Democrats control the House of Representatives and the most draconian parts of the budget proposed by the administration cannot even approve a Republican-controlled Congress.