Electric cars have been around for a while now and they have served as a figurehead in the movement towards more sustainable energy. The day will come when gas-powered cars are a thing of the past and looking at the near future, it is going to be a lot sooner than we think.
Luckily, people have been buying electric cars for a while now, with them getting better and better. It’s amazing to think how much time has passed since the first Chevy Spark or Tesla Roadster. Electrics cars now would be considered the ultimate luxury vehicles if shown 5 years ago.
But what about the early adopters of electric cars? Do electric cars age like gas-powered ones? And when is one considered too old or a clunker? Currently, scientists say they could last a maximum of around 20 years but how do you know when your electric car is a clunker?
It is also important to note that damage from an accident can cause major problems to the internals of an electric vehicle. If your electric car has been damaged or totaled in an accident, it is definitely a clunker, and you should get rid of it. I’d recommend looking into selling it to get a cool new electric car that’s out now.
Battery Is the Life Essence of an Electric Car
Batteries in an electric car are like engines in a conventional one. They are pretty much the life and soul of an electric vehicle and also where the majority of the money goes to when making an electric car.
The battery in an electric car is pretty much just a huge smartphone battery, made up of thousands of lithium-ion cells. Charging these lithium-ion cells causes chemical changes inside them which create electricity when reversed.
These batteries are much more powerful than the ones inside conventional cars and are great at keeping a charge for a long amount of time. It’s also funny that these batteries excel at stop-and-go traffic and lose power quicker when being driven at a stable speed for a longer period of time, while gas-powered cars suffer from the stop-and-go and save more fuel during extended driving.
Old Batteries Can Mean a Clunker
So does the battery age? Sadly, yes. Electric car batteries are said to last about 10 to 20 years. This is because as more and more chemical reactions happen inside the battery, it holds less and less of a charge. This is, however, an extremely slow process and people might find they’ve gotten a new car by the time the range reaches say 80 percent.
Also, a number of factors can play into this battery loss. People who live in hotter climates will find that their batteries decay quicker than in more temperate ones. Now, many cars are coming with water-cooled batteries as heat plays a great role in the death of a lithium-ion battery. Old Electric cars with a shorter battery life will also deteriorate faster because using up all the battery life, and charging it back up is much more stressful to the battery then charging it up when it’s at, say, 50 to 70 percent.
There is also the factor that more advanced charging stations can hasten the death of your electric car’s battery. This is because level 3 charging stations produce a ton of heat while charging very quickly.
Batteries are always improving though, so a battery from 10 years ago will definitely struggle in longevity compared to a battery created and used today. If you start to notice your electric car is losing its charge fast or you’re struggling to make it for distances your car previously handled with ease, it might be time to think about replacing your vehicle.
Replacing the battery alone is an option, but it comes with a financial hook: replacing a battery is extremely expensive, akin to replacing an engine, a transmission or both. If your vehicle has already severely depreciated in value, replacing the battery may not make financial sense. In this case, an older electric vehicle with a low value and a bad battery is essentially a clunker. At this stage, the right choice is to replace the car, not the battery.
Electric cars are proving to be the future for vehicles, but that doesn’t mean they don’t get old like conventional ones. The battery in an electric car will pretty much determine if it runs and how well, so great focus and attention needs to be placed on it when designing cars for the future. If you notice your older electric vehicle is having terrible range and is constantly needing to be recharged, odds are it’s time to get a new one because you’re driving a clunker.